The Training Program in Psychoanalysis offers a contemporary curriculum with a focus on the application of psychoanalysis to clinical practice. It provides candidates with a solid foundation in theory and technique to extend the scope of psychoanalysis to work with a wide range of patients and clinical issues.
Classes are held on Monday and Thursday evenings. Generally, in the first two years courses meet on Monday evenings from 7:00 pm to 8:15 pm and 8:30 pm to 9:45 pm and Thursdays evening from 8:00 pm to 9:30 pm. Courses in the last two years meet on Monday and Thursday evenings from 8:00 pm to 9:30 pm.
First Year Courses
- 101A and 101B Freudian Theory : A Contemporary Perspective (32 Sessions)Learn MoreIt is crucial that the student of psychoanalysis develop a good understanding of classical psychoanalytic theory, and the work of Sigmund Freud, its founder. Freud formulated the key concepts of psychoanalysis, such as unconscious motivation, conflict, and symbolism. Freud’s theory of instincts, dreams, anxiety, neurosis, psychosis and the mind emerged from his independent clinical investigations. The first course introduces the candidate to Freud’s earliest theories of the mind. The evolution of the new discipline of psychoanalysis, with its focus on science, treatment and philosophy of being is traced through careful reading of Freud’s clinical and theoretical papers. The second course introduces students to Freud’s metapsychological papers, which are fundamental to classical psychoanalytic theory and to early ego psychological perspectives.
- 102A and 102B Human Development: Major Psychoanalytic Models of Development of Personality Structure (32 Sessions)Learn MoreThis course offers an overview of the major psychoanalytic theories of development over the life span, from classical thought through the Ego Psychology movement, through the multifaceted British Object Relations schools, to contemporary perspectives. An in-depth focus on contemporary construction introduces the student to present day controversies in inter-subjective phenomena, sexuality and gender issues. Case presentations in this course focus on the multiple therapeutic approaches from a developmental perspective.
- 103A Beginning the Treatment (8 Sessions)Learn MoreThe practicing clinician is given solid knowledge of essential aspects of the clinical encounter. Issues such as setting the frame, detecting elements of the therapeutic alliance and establishing the analytic relationship will be discussed and illustrated in the clinical process.
- 103B What The Analyst Does (8 Sessions)Learn MoreThis clinical course will elaborate on the multiple analytic tasks that are necessary for the establishment of a successful analysis, such as listening, clarification, interpretation, holding, containing, validation, negotiation, and many more, plus the resources available to the analyst to fulfill these tasks. Clinical material from the practice of the instructor and students illustrates the complex analytic processes.
- 103C Psychoanalytic Diagnosis (8 Sessions)Learn MoreThis clinical course will deepen the practicing clinician’s understanding of the assessment process from a psychoanalytic perspective. Thus, assessment of object relations, defenses, transference and countertransference potentials and constructive forces are addressed.
- 103D Dreams (8 Sessions)Learn MoreThis course focuses on the understanding and use of the dreams in the analytic hour. Dreams reflect the patient’s psychic world, different stages of the therapeutic process, and mirror a variety of clinical issues. The ways in which dreams can be understood and made use of are approached from a variety of theoretical perspectives. Extensive clinical material illustrates the concepts.The dream is conceptualized as the royal road to the unconscious. Where the road leads will depend upon our theoretical underpinnings. Through readings and clinical material, students will explore Freudian, Horneyan and contemporary dream theory. Specific attention will address how latent dream thoughts and wishes are converted into manifest content.
- 104 Empirical Investigation of Psychoanalytic Process (16 Weeks)Learn MoreThis course will introduce the candidate to empirical investigation of psychodynamic psychotherapy process and outcome using the Analytic Process Scales (APS), audio tapes and transcripts from psychoanalytic sessions and the Personality Health Index (PHI). a quantified measure of personality health, derived from the Shedler Weston Assessment Procedure (SWAP). Candidates will learn to use the Personality Health Index (PHI) to evaluate outcome in psychoanalysis. Candidates will also learn to use the Analytic Process Scales to rate key aspects of the analytic process. The Analytic Process Scales define key features of analytic process observable on the clinical surface and measure them using a five point Likert scale anchored by clinical examples at the zero, two and four points. Quantifying both therapist and patient variables on the Analytic Process Scales also enables us to investigate the relationship between intervention and outcome in the session and in the treatment as a whole. Since the scales are derived from a conflict model of the mind they also provide a means for linking theoretical concepts with observable and measurable clinical material.
Second Year Courses
- 201A & B Horneyan Perspectives of the Split and Conflicted Self (32 Sessions)Learn MoreThe first course (10 Sessions) introduces the candidate to Karen Horney’ life and work. The personal, theoretical, political and cultural context, including Karen Horney’s personal history and its relation to her theory is the theme of this course. The course participants will read about the psychoanalytic climate and politics of the time of Horney’s Berlin days, the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute and Horney’s place in its development. Specifically, Freud’s Vienna circle, Freudian emphasis on instincts, sexuality, psycho-sexual stages, oedipal dynamics, penis envy, and early childhood reconstruction of the transference, and Horney’s developing difference with Freudian theory of the time. Her classic papers on feminine psychology and the movement away from oedipal (father) to pre-oedipal, the appeal of love (mother), and her interpretation of fear as the source of anxiety and aggression, will be covered. Horney’s immigration to America (to help establish the Chicago Institute) in 1932, her experiences at the New York Psychoanalytic between 1934 and 1941, her split from NYPA in 1941, the establishment of the AAP and AIP and subsequent splits – all prior to the publication of Our Inner Conflicts in 1945 will be discussed.
The second course (22 sessions) further explores the development of her theory. Karen Horney developed a Neo-Freudian theory of psychology that did not resort to biology or Freudian metapsychological explanations. Horney’s theory abandons claims on universality and the “objectivity” of the natural sciences. Her basic construct, as in Freud, is a conflict between nature and culture, but nature for her is the naturally endowed real self, the source of healthy self-realizing process, which is abandoned because of cultural pressures and disturbed human relations. In an attempt to achieve an integrated sense of self in face of fragmenting basic anxiety and conflicts, a creative self-idealizing process develops, based on the imagination. It entails the pursuit of a god-like idealized image of the self, shaped according to narrow and false values, cultural biases, and pretenses into enduring character patterns and intensifying alienation. Freudian basic drives are seen as secondary manifestations of inner conflict and character structure. Horney’s theory is interpersonal and intersubjective, it avoids third-person objectification, the creating of a false distance. Horney’s theory refuses technicisms, but it is a difficult reading because of the resistance it creates: one feels her finger pointed at oneself as one reads.Prerequisites: Completion of the Psychodynamics I or the Karen Horney Clinic Course in Horneyan Theory and the completion of Psychodynamics II is a requirement for 201A and 201B courses. This requirement should be fulfilled before 201A and 201B courses end.
- 202A and 202B Elaborations of the Nature of Psychic Life (32 Sessions)Learn MoreIn this year-long course candidates will explore the full terrain of the unconscious from classical Freudian through contemporary viewpoints. Concepts such as drives, conflict, meaning, symbolism, phantasy and psychic reality will be explored. Reading will be selected from the writings of Freud, Horney, Melanie Klein, Riviere, Fairbairn, Winnicott, Mitchell, Greenberg, and others.
- 203A The Therapeutic Relationship (16 Sessions)Learn MoreThis clinical course will connect seminal clinical concepts as addressed by Freud, Horney, Loewald, Mitchell, Bollas and others to all aspects of the therapeutic relationship. Candidates will be helped to link these concepts to their own work as analysts.
- 203B Ethics and Boundaries in Psychoanalysis (16 Sessions)Learn MoreThis clinical course will help candidates to consider the meanings of boundaries and the importance of ethics as they apply to our work in the clinical situation. The particular nuances and complexities of these concepts in psychoanalysis will be explored in depth through readings and examples.
Third Year Courses
- 301A Readings in Object Relations Theory (8 sessions)Learn MoreThis course will examine the basic tenets of the Object Relations School and their application in clinical situations. The course will begin with a series of readings reviewing the seminal contributions of Klein, Winnicott, and Fairbairn and move toward their contemporary revisionists. Lectures will be focused on the most significant ideas and clinical process and the contributions that the Object Relations School has made to psychoanalysis and current clinical work. Required readings will be supplemented with recommended writings that will expand on the theoretical and technical concepts presented.
- 301B Contemporary Relational Theory (8 sessions)Learn MoreThis course will cover contemporary relational theory beginning with the cultural and intellectual context, the work of Ferenczi, Rank and Sullivan that served as the theoretical foundation for the development of Stolorow and Atwood’s concept of intersubjectivity, Ogden’s notion of the analytic third, and Bromberg’s shift from repression to disassociation and multiple self-states. The psychoanalytic encounter will also be explored from the standpoint of Aron’s clinical application of Benjamin’s concept of intersubjectivity; the issue of interpretation; the fate of transference and countertransference in relational thinking; mutuality and authenticity. The controversial issue of self-disclosure will be highlighted with a comparative discussion of a paper on self-disclosure from a contemporary Freudian and Relational point of view.
- 301C Contemporary Conflict Theory (8 sessions)Learn MoreThis course will draw on the work of Freud and Brenner and cover key concepts of contemporary conflict theory. These include psychic determinism, conflict and compromise formation. The components of conflict will be discussed in detail. These include wishes, affects defenses and super-ego functions whose interaction results in a compromise formation. This is a solution to conflict that maximizes pleasurable gratification of wishes while minimizing painful affects such as anxiety and depressive affect. Normal and pathological compromise formations will be discussed as well as of compromise formations in dreams, transference and counter-transference, and symptoms. The course will conclude with an illustration of compromise formations in a transcribed analytic session and in a case presentation.
- 301D Self Psychology (8 sessions)Learn MoreThis course starts with an exploration of Heinz Kohut’s contributions to the field of psychoanalysis and follows the ongoing development, through Intersubjective Systems Theory, to a fully relational self-psychology. Topics covered include the importance of empathy and self -objects for the development of the self, and the role of the transference counter-transference matrix and mutual self- regulation in therapeutic action. In addition to Kohut the work of P.H. Ornstein and A. Ornstein, Orange, Stolorow and Atwood, Fosshage, and Lachman and Beebe among other writers on relational psychoanalysis will be presented.
- 303 Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Gender and Sexuality (8 sessions)Learn MoreIn the 1920’s and 30’s, prior to coming to America, Karen Horney wrote a series of seminal papers on Feminine Psychology. These groundbreaking, classic papers are widely acknowledged in the psychoanalytic literature as the foundation for much of contemporary gender theory. This course will acquaint the students with Horney’s feminine psychology as well as the gender literature that followed.
- 304 The Difficult Patient in Psychoanalysis (16 sessions)Learn MoreThis course will give a solid foundation for the practicing analyst in understanding patients that present as “difficult” to treat. Various psychoanalytic theories view the etiology and treatment of these patients in diverse ways. The one place these theories come together is in their agreement of the extraordinary demands such patients place on the analyst. Knowledge of relevant theories and their ways of dealing with issues such as enactment, therapeutic impasse, negative therapeutic reaction, countertransference crisis, acting-out, etc., that such analyses inevitably bring about, will help the candidate in treating difficult patients.
Fourth Year Courses
- 401 Ferenczi: The Origins of Relational Thought (8 sessions)Learn MoreAs Freud is considered the “father of psychoanalysis,” Sándor Ferenczi has come to be seen as its “mother.” Ferenczi’s focus on the mother-child relationship, the fragmenting impact of early childhood trauma, his two-person-relational psychology and its revolutionary change of transference and countertransference form the basis of discussion in this course. The Ferenczian ideas continue to reverberate in psychoanalytic thought and will be traced in relevant literature.
- 402A Advanced Views on Transference and Countertransference (16 sessions)Learn MoreMuch of the work of the practicing analyst is focused on the analysis of dreams and transference/countertransference matters as they reflect the ongoing process of analysis. This intensive course is directed towards a deeper understanding of these major clinical building blocks.
- 402C Clinical Seminar Integrating Horneyan Perspective with Other Psychoanalytic Views (8 sessions)Learn MoreHorneyan points of view, especially with respect to cultural influences and feminine psychology, as well as concepts such as idealized image or false self, have been integrated into contemporary psychoanalytic ways of thinking. Horney’s concept of basic anxiety informs trauma theory, and her description of the analytic relationship has much in common with relational thinking. Linkages to such enduring Horneyan thoughts will be explored through in-depth examination of contemporary material.
- 402D Clinical Course in the Traumatically Split and Conflicted Self (8 sessions)Learn MoreThis clinical course approaches our work with difficult patients. Important clinical concepts, which have been used to organize our thinking, such as traumatic memory, fragmentation, dissociation and shame, will be explored in depth and connected to clinical examples.
- 403 Individual Seminar in Psychoanalytic Writing (16 sessions)Learn MoreThe candidate selects a patient and writes up the case utilizing two theoretical points of view, the Horneyan and another freely chosen perspective. Senior faculty individually mentors candidates in the art of psychoanalytic writing.
- 404 Continuous Clinical Seminar for Seniors having finished all other academic requirementsLearn MoreA continuous clinical colloquium is required for Candidates who have finished the official four-year curriculum but have outstanding requirements. This colloquium will provide ongoing case presentation and further clinical explorations.
The position of the Institute is that only an individual who has a genuine interest in his or her own growth and development can effectively practice psychoanalysis. A therapeutic analysis is therefore considered essential. The candidate chooses his/ her own personal analyst from a list of Training Analysts of the Institute. A minimum of 500 hours of personal psychoanalysis, at a minimum frequency of three sessions a week is required: four times a week is more desirable.
If a candidate is in treatment at the time of application the candidate can apply to the training committee to have their licensed analyst approved as a training analyst. The analyst’s training and experience will be evaluated to determine if it meets the standards of the institute. Determination of the licensed analyst’s qualifications should be made before the candidate matriculates.
Candidates have the right to choose a licensed qualified analyst for treatment. The candidate must pay all fees for personal analysis to the licensed analyst. The licensed analyst is responsible for documenting to the Institute the completion of 500 hours of personal analysis. The content of the analysis is not to be shared without the expressed, written consent of the candidate.
Supervised Psychoanalytic Work
Candidates are required to take four courses of supervised psychoanalytic work for a total of 200 hours with four different Supervising Analysts other than the candidate’s personal analyst.
Candidates also need to do two screening interviews, under supervision, during the first two years and two during the last two years of training. A minimum of four case conference presentations is also required.
Candidates in the Psychoanalytic Training Program must see three patients/patient hours in the Karen Horney Clinic for the first two years of their candidacy. They may continue to see patients in the clinic beyond this time or see patients in private practice. The patient or the patient’s representative must consent to treatment by a candidate enrolled in the psychoanalytic training program. The supervisor is responsible for determining if the cases seen under his/her supervision are appropriate for Candidates to fulfill the supervised analytic case requirements.
In order to receive elective credit candidates may attend Friday Case Conferences, Journal and Book Clubs, Scientific Meetings or approved psychoanalytic conferences and meetings of the larger psychoanalytic community.
Advancement to Candidacy
At the end of each academic year the candidate is required to meet with the liaison member of the Progression Committee to review faculty and supervisors’ evaluations of their performance, emotional maturity, and interest and commitment to psychoanalysis. The Chair of the Progression Committee will present these evaluations and recommendations to the Training Committee which will determine whether or not the candidate is eligible to move forward.
- Graduation from an approved medical school: enrollment in or completion of an AMA approved psychiatric residency or its equivalent.
- Post internship status in a doctoral psychology training program approved by the American Psychological Association.
- A master’s degree in social work from a recognized school of social work, and at least two years post-Master’s full-time supervised clinical experience in the mental health field working with adults and appropriate licensure in New York.
- A master’s degree in psychiatric nursing from a recognized school of nursing, and at least two years post-Master’s full-time supervised clinical experience working with adults in the mental health field.
- A master’s degree in mental health counseling from a recognized school, and at least two years post-Master’s full-time supervised clinical experience working with adults in the mental health field.
- Applicants will also be evaluated on whether or not they have the necessary emotional maturity, interest and commitment to psychoanalysis
Applicants must submit an AIP Application for Training [click below for application]. Prospective applicants are welcome to discuss their interest in psychoanalytic training with a member of the training committee.
Applicants also need to submit:
- a $150 non-refundable application fee,
- an up to date curriculum vitae, and
- three letters of reference.
The letters of reference can be from former supervisors, teachers, or other professionals who are familiar with your work. All such letters must be on official letterhead and signed.
The deadline for submission of the application materials is June 15 for the program starting in September.
In addition to the educational and professional criteria listed above; the Admissions Committee selects applicants on the basis of their potential as psychoanalysts, as assessed by personal interviews.
For further information, contact the Director of Academic Affairs, Kenneth Winarick, Ph.D. at (917) 369-1721.